Urological Emergencies in Clinical Practice стр.2

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2004049920

Contents

Noel A. Armenakas

1 Presenting Symptoms of Urological

Emergencies.............................. 1

Hashim Hashim and John Reynard

Haematuria............................... 2

Oliguria, Anuria, and Inability to Pass Urine...... 4

Suprapubic Pain........................... 5

Scrotal Pain and Swelling.................... 5

Back Pain and Urological Symptoms ........... 6

2 Lower Urinary Tract Emergencies.............. 9

John Reynard

Acute Urinary Retention..................... 9

Is It Acute or Chronic Retention? .............. 12

What to Do Next for the Man with Acute

Retention in Patients with a Catheterisable

3 Nontraumatic Renal Emergencies.............. 17

John Reynard

Acute Flank Pain—'Ureteric' or 'Renal' Colic...... 17

Acute Pyelonephritis........................ 32

Pyonephrosis ............................. 36

Perinephric Abscess ........................ 37

Emphysematous Pyelonephritis ............... 38

Acute Pyelonephritis, Pyonephrosis, Perinephric Abscess, and Emphysematous Pyelonephritis—

Making the Diagnosis ..................... 41

Xanthogranulomatous Pyelonephritis........... 42

4 Other Infective Urological Emergencies ......... 45

Hashim Hashim and John Reynard

vi CONTENTS

Urinary Septicaemia........................ 45

Pyelonephritis and Pyonephrosis............... 48

Prostatic Infections and Prostatic Abscess ........ 48

Fournier's Gangrene ........................ 49

Epididymo-Orchitis......................... 51

Periurethral Abscess ........................ 53

5 Traumatic Urological Emergencies ............. 54


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